Hemangiomas are the most common benign tumor of infancy, often appearing as a red birthmark. In some cases, they can occur in the airway, usually right under the vocal cords. When this happens, it can cause breathing difficulties that can be mild or severe. The narrower the airway, the more difficulty the child will experience when breathing.
- Visible, flat red mark on the face
- Visible, flat red mark on the scalp
- Visible, flat red mark on the chest or back
Diagnosis and Treatment
The best way to diagnose a hemangioma is through an endoscopy. Most of the time, hemangiomas do not require treatment. However, in some cases, they can cause concerning symptoms, including obstructing a child's airway. When this happens, medical management can include medications, such as steroids or beta-blocker (propanalol). In severe cases or cases that do not respond to medications, surgery is considered. Depending on the case, tracheostomy or open airway excision may be recommended.
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We bring together physicians, speech-language pathologists, and other healthcare professionals to provide treatment to patients suffering from breathing troubles.
Did you know?
Hemangiomas may be present at birth, but more often, they appear during the first few months of life.
Hemangiomas is noncancerous tumors made up of blood vessels.
Hemangiomas are the most common pediatric tumor occurring in approximately one to two percent of newborns, with a much higher rate in premature infants.